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BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES                  355

version. Li's work occupied the author for forty years and was pre-
sented to the emperor in parts, in 1163,1168, and 1174.

It may be noted here that the Sung scholars were history-minded.
Szema Kuang compiled the monumental 'Mirror of'History, and
Ouyang Shiu compiled the New Tang History and the New History
of the Five Dynasties. Li Shinchuan (not listed here) did for the
southern Sung what Li Tao had done for the northern Sung; Wang
Cheng undertook No. 104, and Peng Pochuan undertook No, 106,
which all represent labours of private scholars.

Li Tao's comprehensive but unwieldy work almost went out of exist-
ence because of its size—like the dinosaurs—and two copies survived,
one in the inaccessible great Yunglo library inside the Ming palace,
almost perfect, but unknown even to the court scholars until it was
discovered under Emperor Chienlung in the eighteenth century. This
work, chronologically arranged, was put into a more digestible form
by Yang Chungliang under a topical arrangement, so that one could
follow the development of a particular military campaign or political
phase conveniently. But Yang's work, No. 102, published in 1253 and
1257, was even less known to collectors and librarians, and came to
light about 1800,

Yang's work is probably the most comprehensive yet handy history
for basic research on northern Sung, preserving the original source
material of Li Tao's work in sufficient quantity. It also preserves the
material for the period 1101-1126, for which the volumes in Li Tao's
work are missing. An even handier topical digest, No. 103, is that by
Feng Chi, revised by Chen Pangchan, under the supervision of Chang
Po (1602-41).

Most valuable for the study of Su Tungpo's life and times is No.
104, x^hich, though the work of a private scholar, could well take the
place of the official Sung History for the northern period. It is favour-
able to the Yuanyu group and anti-Wang, but is recognised by all as
competent, discriminating, and judicious. Especially valuable are its
105 volumes of biographical sketches of the scholars and officials of the
northern Sung.


No. 107, by Chu Shi, gives briefly the outstanding sayings and con-
duct of the famous ministers. No. 108 is a study of the different
scholars' contributions to thought. The chapters on Wang Anshih and
the Sus (Ch. 98 and 99) are by Chuan Tsuwang.

Three works are devoted to rescuing Wang Anshih from historical
infamy. Basis research was done by Tsai Shangshiang, an obscure
scholar; I have access only to the digest in four volumes by Yang